If difficult financial circumstances from your past are still haunting you in the form of a low credit score, you’re not alone. It has been estimated that 31% of Americans have a “subprime” credit score of lower than 670. A subprime score is used to identify consumers who may have difficulty paying back their loans. Even though some lenders will work with subprime borrowers, if you have a score in the subprime range, you may be limited from obtaining credit.
The good news is that your credit score is an ever-evolving metric that you can change. It will take perseverance on your part, but the sooner you get started, the sooner you will see your credit score begin to swing in the right direction. Here are five tips to help improve your credit score.
Pay Your Bills On Time
One of the things lenders are most interested in when they check your credit is whether you have a history of making your debt payments on time — including your mortgage, HELOC, and credit cards. If they see no late payments on your credit report, they are more likely to believe you will pay them on time, too. That’s why payment history is the factor that most affects your credit score.
If you have a history of making late payments, they can stay on your credit report for up to seven years, although the effects on your credit score lessen over time. Recent late payments are weighted more heavily than older ones.
If you are currently late on any payments, get them caught up as soon as possible and commit to paying them on time each month going forward. Set up auto pay and calendar reminders to check that the bank made your withdrawals on time and you are current on all your bills.
Add Utilities & Rent to Your Credit Report
You may think that making all your payments on time will surely help improve your credit score, but that isn’t always the case. The truth is that lenders will only see the payment history that creditors report to the credit bureaus, both positive and negative.
Many types of payments do not get reported unless you request they get added to your report, including utilities, phone, and rent. The reason many of these go unreported is that creditors have to pay a fee to report them. But when you’re trying to build up your credit history, it is beneficial for these payments to be included.
There are a variety of ways you can go about requesting that your utility and rent payments get added to your credit report.
- Experian Boost is a free opt-in service you can enroll in that will scan your bank account for these specific payment types. Once you verify which data you would like added to your credit file, your FICO score will reflect your utility and telecom payments.
- Rental Kharma and LevelCredit are rent-reporting services that can help you build your credit by putting your on-time rent payments on your credit report.
Pay Off Debt & Keep Low Balances
Your credit utilization ratio is a critical financial health indicator that creditors rely on to determine if they should lend money to you. This ratio is calculated by adding up all your credit balances and dividing it by your total credit limit. So if your current balances are $2,500 and your credit limits are $10,000, your utilization ratio would be 25%.
To calculate your utilization rate: unpaid balances ÷ credit limits = utilization ratio.
Most lenders prefer a utilization ratio of 30% or less because that tells them the borrower is not maxing out all of their credit resources and is a responsible user of credit. One way to move the needle on your utilization rate is to reduce the credit balance portion of the equation by striving to pay down your balances and keep them low by not increasing your spending.
Become an Authorized User
Another way to affect your utilization ratio is to become an authorized user on someone else’s credit card. When you are an authorized user, you will receive your own card (though you do not have to use it), but the primary cardholder is responsible for making the payments. The balance and payment history of this account will be included on your credit report, so as long as the primary cardholder is using their credit responsibly, it could help boost your credit score.
Caution: there are drawbacks to becoming an authorized user. If the account holder makes a late payment, or the account has a high utilization rate, it will affect your credit score. Also, once you stop being an authorized user, the account history may not show up on your credit report.
Don’t Close Unused Accounts
Once you’ve paid off credit card balances, go ahead and keep the accounts open, as long as you are not paying an annual fee. If you close the account, it will reduce the credit limit portion of your utilization rate and may drop your credit score. Maintaining the account means that your credit utilization rate will benefit from the low balance and the credit limit.
Request a Higher Credit Limit
If your account is in good standing with the credit card company, you can contact them and ask for a higher credit limit, which can boost your utilization rate even more. Be prepared to make your case by having your employment status, annual income, and housing payment information ready when you make the call. The goal of asking for a higher limit is to improve your utilization rate, so make sure you don’t use the additional credit to make more purchases.
Limit Your Credit Applications
Each time you apply for a credit card or a loan, a “hard inquiry” is recorded on your credit report. This is different from a “soft inquiry,” which occurs when you check your credit report or when a lender makes a pre-approval inquiry — and does not affect your credit score. Hard inquiries can have a negative impact on your credit score for about a year, and remain on your report for about two years.
Making multiple inquiries in a short period of time can raise red flags, so it is recommended to space your hard inquiries out by about six months. However, there is an exception if you’re checking around for the best mortgage, auto, or student loans and make multiple inquiries within 14-45 days. These inquiries only count as one inquiry because it is obvious you are rate-shopping.
If you have a low credit score, know that you can build it up. You don’t necessarily have to wait for your past mistakes to age off of your credit report. If you follow these five tips to start turning your credit score around, you will most likely see improvements to your credit score in the future.Tags: financial advice